A CRITIC ON DOCTOR FAUSTUS:
In the ancient drama , protagonist was presented at the beginning of the play initially as noble and heroic with high sipirit talents one is superior to society and in extraordinary unusual situations. So mediaval drama on the course of proceeding further, directly inherits many of this fundamental characteristics and therefore many parts are seem to be survived from greek tragedy on development. But Christopher Marlowe brings us a new genre of this tragedy with a great step on the frame of tragedy for Renassaince.
Marlowe also uses this typical medival spirits in doctor Faustus but the protagonist of the play diverges from his conventional similars of the tradional canon with his different stance. This new stance of the protagonist clearly reinforces the spirit of renaissance man. Doctor Faustus is presented us firstly as common man amoung the masses, amoung us. This aproach helps the fundemantal needs prepare for the development of the beginning of the renassaince spirits. And it serves successfully its purpose because Faustus, he represents or Marlowe’s purpose in this presentation of the pratogonist most possible refers to the early artists and researchers of the renaissance. Faustus’ atittudes and ambitions varies from time to time in the plot. Although He usually succumbs to temptation to gain Godlike powers as a famous wizard but also sometimes we see his scientific spirits raise up again. But it is too difficult to say openly that there is a criticisim to the Spirits recently grown. Because this criticisim extremely may be flexible according to the aspect of stand and remains open to debate. If we assess the pratogonist from the end of the play As audience we can say easily that the moral lesson which gave us is a religious one that expresses the dangerous results of accessive ambitions and learning by the deflection from the way of God.
But on the other hand if we assess the pratogonist from the point of humanisim, at the beginning of the play, Faustus as a scholor is a successfull and admirable doctor but his ambitios leads him into quest of the lacking parts of the whole. At this moment he makes a crucial choice in order to reach his purpose and instead of using science, chooses its diametrically opposite he runs into pursuit of dark art, magical powers and being demigod. Therefor Marlowe demonstrates us there is no use of being even a demigod without keeping independent human spirit.
I think that this is most prodominent message for humanism on the play because Marlowe tries to tell or hints for young scholars that they shouldnt look for the essential powers out of the human mind. He hints the witchcraft is not a thing beyond clown. This comparison of course doesnt reside in the play clearly but maybe this hint can be an acceptable justification to the lacking of the unity in the plot. This approach elevates the humanist values. Faustus never accepts the offer of help from the angel on the part of God because he has a great responsible for his own choice as a human and he believes that each humanbeing must learn to discipline himself. But he doesnt mark on divine ritribution or death. Of course its too debatable maybe but we musnt forget the conditions of his time and the pressure of the church. Most possible the lacking parts is caused by the religous pressure of the medieval age. Thus Marlowe simultaneusly detaches Faustus from the tradional other pratogonists of his time. For this reason who can know whether Marlowe unconciously makes the reader or audience faces a new type of pratogonist and a new genre of tragedy or by design..